Economy >Guidelines and Policies
Relocating the Poor
“Relocating the poor” focuses on helping poor residents living in areas without necessary resources to move to other areas. These relocated residents are gradually able to get out of poverty by working and living in areas with better job opportunities. During the Tenth Five-Year Plan period, the National Development and Reform Commission carried out a pilot program for relocating the poor. With a government funding of 5.6 billion yuan, this program relocated more than 1.2 million people, and achieved remarkable results.
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China to relocate two million people in bid to tackle poverty

China will this year relocate more than two million people from poverty-stricken communities to more developed urban areas as part of a wide-ranging plan to tackle poverty, a leading official said on Tuesday. The relocation marks the first stage of ambitious proposals to move 10 million people from their rural backwaters as part of drive to eradicate poverty in China in the next four years. “Many poor people live in harsh conditions or fragile environments,” Liu Yongfu, a member of China’s State Council, or Cabinet, said. “The relocation will help them seek a better life,” he added, according to state news agency Xinhua. Li Keqiang, the Chinese premier, vowed in March that 10 million people would be lifted out of poverty this year, following on from an official policy launched last October to bring 70 million people above the poverty line by 2020. Despite China’s economy booming in recent decades, five per cent of the country’s 1.4 million people still live below the poverty line of 2,300 yuan (£245) a year, Xinhua said. Poor citizens would be relocated to towns with “relatively mature public services”, enabling families to access health and education facilities, a report by China News Service (CNS) said. Other people will be moved to “economic development zones or industrial parks”, while some will given homes near roads and water supplies. Mr Liu said the relocation policy had previously proved successful when carried out for farmers in the northern province of Ningxia in the 1990s. “This initiative is based on previous experiences and we have many successful cases,” Mr Liu said, according to CNS. Lack of jobs in China’s rural areas have seen a mass migration of adults to the booming coastal cities, where children are often not given access to schools and healthcare is limited. A total of 247 million people migrated last year, according to China’s National Bureau of Statistics. But Premier Li in December urged local authorities to provide public services for those who had been relocated. The World Bank says two thirds of Chinese were living in poverty in 1990. Beijing regularly points to its achievements in improving the lives of hundreds of millions of its citizens as a means of legitimising its rule. However, huge inequalities still exist in Communist China, where a recent report showed that the top one percent of households own about one-third of the country's wealth, while the bottom 25 percent have only one percent.

From mountain to town: relocating the poor for a better life

Standing proudly in front of a two-story building that is set to become his new home, Li Nailing beams with satisfaction. "I never even dared to dream that one day I would move away from these big mountains," said Li, who has long been living deep in the mountains of Du'an Yao Autonomous County, southern China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Setting out from his small tile-roof house built in the 1980s, Li had to spend an hour climbing over mountains to reach the local township. The arduous journey meant he could only get into town to buy necessities once a month. The county has been plagued by desertification. Like many local villagers, Li and his wife grow corn among the stony mountains to sustain a meager living. In his spare time, he can often be seen squatting by the gate of his home, smoking cigarettes while worrying about his son's marriage. "He is already 31! Sure, he has had girlfriends before, but they were all frightened away as soon as they visited our home," Li said. The construction of the new house is part of China's effort to reduce poverty, and has brought hope to Li's family. Li's new house is located in a suburban area just several kilometers away from the county. It is inside a new residential square where a total of 400 buildings of the same kind are being built for remote mountain villagers. After moving to his new home, Li believes he will live a richer life and plans to find a job in the county. "Most importantly, I will urge my son to find a wife as soon as possible," he said. At the end of 2015, China vowed to spend 600 billion yuan (89.1 billion U.S. dollars) over the next five years to relocate about 10 million impoverished people. The campaign has been bringing about dramatic changes to China's rural areas. In Liulin Village, Tongjiang County, southwest China's Sichuan Province, dozens of buildings are under construction. "We are so grateful that we can move to new homes, and almost all the cost of construction is covered by government subsidies," villager Li Guozhi said, pointing out that his family were entitled to a 25,000-yuan subsidy per person. Located in the mountains, two thirds of the village have no telecommunication signals, and the poverty rate is 33.7 percent. JOB CREATION Relocation is no easy job for the local government, as officials have to consider how to help relocated people find jobs to eventually shake-off poverty. Tianyang County in Guangxi plans to relocate 45,000 people by 2020. "We have to create over 10,000 jobs to meet the needs of relocated people, and that is the biggest challenge we are facing," said county Party chief Wei Zhengye. Wei said the county plans to plant the barren mountains with mangos, so that relocated residents can work. As impoverished households can each get a 50,000 yuan poverty-relief loan, with subsidized interest payments, the county will encourage them to buy shares in the mango base to gain profit. Xiong Jun, head of Zhuzang Township, Bijie City, southwest China's Guizhou Province, said the township has opened a tea growing area and a peony growing area. "We have no problem offering at least one job for every relocated household," Xiong said. In the mountainous Fenghuang village, Tongjiang County, Sichuan, Xiang Bilian, 60, has recently moved from a dilapidated house on a mountain slope to a two-story building on a roadside. With a 5,000 yuan interest-free loan from the local government, she bought 30 goats. "I can sell six goats every year, each can be sold at 600 yuan, so I can make 3,600 yuan annually," she said. "Besides, I have two pigs and am growing some potatoes and herbs. Hopefully, I can get out of poverty by next year."

China to relocate 2 million people this year in struggle to banish poverty

China, fighting to stamp out poverty, will this year move more than two million of its poorest citizens from remote, inland regions to more developed areas, an official of the cabinet, or State Council, said on Tuesday. The mass relocation of people is a strategy targeted at lifting 10 million citizens out of poverty by 2020, state news agency Xinhua has said. Some of the villagers will move to areas with better social services, such as schools and hospitals, while others in remote areas will move to places with better roads and water supply, the official, Liu Yongfu, told a briefing. The numbers would be stepped up gradually and may eventually hit 3 million, added Liu, who heads the cabinet's Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development. "We will talk it over with the localities and accumulate some experience, after that we will increase step-by-step," he said. Despite two decades of rapid economic growth, poverty remains a huge issue in China, mainly in rural areas, where a lack of jobs drives out adults, leaving behind children and the elderly, often with limited access to schools and healthcare. China's poor, who make up about 5 percent of a population of nearly 1.4 billion, live mostly in the countryside, and earn less than 2,300 yuan ($362) a year, government and state media say. In March Premier Li Keqiang promised a boost of 43 percent in funding for poverty relief programs. Last October, the cabinet said China aimed to lift all its 70 million poor above the poverty line by 2020. In December, Li urged local authorities to provide housing, healthcare, schooling and employment for relocated citizens. Since kicking off market reforms in 1978, China has lifted more than 800 million people out of poverty, but it remains a developing country and the reforms are incomplete, the World Bank says.

Knowledge Graph
Examples

1 China will invest 946.3 billion yuan ($140 billion) by 2020 to relocate its poorest citizens from remote, inland regions to more developed areas, the state planner said on Monday.

2 China has announced plans to relocate more than 9 million impoverished people to less geographically disadvantaged areas in the next five years.

3 The relocated citizens will be limited to those who live in impoverished regions with unsustainable conditions, and the project will cost around 950 billion RMB, according to Thepaper.cn.