Wild Goose Pagoda-Datang Furong Garden Scenic Spot (Xi’an)
Big Wild Goose Pagoda
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda or Giant Wild Goose Pagoda (Chinese: 大雁塔; pinyin: Dàyàn Tǎ) is a well-preserved holy place for Buddhist with a history of over 1300 years. It is the landmark building of Xian, the key national cultural relics and AAAA attraction. The whole Big Wild Goose Pagoda scenic area is composed with Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Daci’en Temple and Big Wild Goose Pagoda North Plaza. History of Big Wild Goose Pagoda The pagoda was built in 652 during the Tang Dynasty and originally had five stories, although the structure was rebuilt in 704 during the reign of Empress Wu Zetian and its exterior brick facade renovated during the Ming Dynasty. Xuanzang, the eminent monk of Tang Dynasty, used to study in India from 629 to 645. He saw this kind of pagoda in India. When he was back home, for storing Buddhist text and figures of Buddha, he built a pagoda in Cien Temple imitating the structure of pagoda in India, and named it Goose Pagoda. One of the pagodas many functions were to hold sutras and figurines of the Buddha that were brought to China from India by the Buddhist translator and traveler Monk Xuanzang. Big Wild Goose Pagoda Fountain Show at North Square of Big Wild Goose Pagoda Structure of Big Wild Goose Pagoda The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is brick structure, square-pavilion pagoda. It is 64 meters high now. The tower footing is 4.2 meters high, 48.7 meters in l ength from north to south, about 45.7 meters from east to west. The tower bottom length is 25.5 meters in square taper shape. There are nine rooms in the first and second layers, 7 rooms in the third and fourth layers and 5 rooms in five, six, seven, eighth layers1, 2, 3, 4, has seven layers, there are five layers 5 ,6,7,8, each have four coupons door. Inscriptions of Emperor Taizong and Emperor Gaozong are situated on its south. The monk Xuanzang's statue stands in front of the temple area. From the fist five-layer structure to the seven-layer architecture now.
Big Wild Goose Pagoda (Dayan Pagoda)
As the symbol of the old-line Xian, Big Wild Goose Pagoda (also called Giant Wild Goose Pagoda) is a well-preserved ancient building and a holy place for Buddhists. It is located in the southern suburb of Xian City, about 4 kilometers (2.49 miles) from the downtown of the city. Standing in the Da Ci'en Temple complex, it attracts numerous visitors for its fame in the Buddhist religion and its simple but appealing style of construction. It is rated as a National Key Cultural Relic Preserve as well as an AAAA Tourist Attraction. In addition, it was added to the World Heritage List on June 22, 2014, together with other sites along the ancient Silk Road. This whole scenic area include the Big Wild Goose Pagoda, the Daci'en Temple, and the various squares, gardens and other facilities around. Big Wild Goose Pagoda Originally built in 652 during the reign of Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it functioned to collect Buddhist materials that were taken from India by the hierarch Xuanzang. Xuanzang started off from Chang'an (the ancient Xian), along the Silk Road and through deserts, finally arriving in India, the cradle of Buddhism. Enduring 17 years and traversing 100 countries, he obtained Buddha figures, 657 kinds of sutras, and several Buddha relics. Having gotten the permission of Emperor Gaozong (628-683), Xuanzang, as the first abbot of Daci'en Temple, supervised the building of a pagoda inside it. With the support of royalty, he asked 50 hierarchs into the temple to translate Sanskrit in sutras into Chinese, totaling 1,335 volumes, which heralded a new era in the history of translation. Based on the journey to India, he also wrote a book entitled 'Pilgrimage to the West' in the Tang Dynasty, to which scholars attached great importance. Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Xian More Pictures Burning incense for praying Burning incense for praying, Da Ci'en Temple First built to a height of 60 meters (197 feet) with five stories, it is now 64.5 meters (211.6 feet) high with an additional two stories. It was said that after that addition came the saying-'Saving a life exceeds building a seven-storied pagoda'. Externally it looks like a square cone, simple but grand and it is a masterpiece of Buddhist construction. Built of brick, its structure is very firm. Inside the pagoda, stairs twist up so that visitors can climb and overlook the panorama of the city from the arch-shaped doors on four sides of each storey. On the walls are engraved fine statues of Buddha by the renowned artist Yan Liben of the Tang Dynasty. Steles by noted calligraphers also grace the pagoda. As for the reason why it is called Big Wild Goose Pagoda, there is a legend. According to ancient stories of Buddhists, there were two branches, for one of which eating meat was not a taboo. One day, they couldn't find meat to buy. Upon seeing a group of big wild geese flying by, a monk said to himself: 'Today we have no meat. I hope the merciful Bodhisattva will give us some.' At that very moment, the leading wild goose broke its wings and fell to the ground. All the monks were startled and believed that Bodhisattva showed his spirit to order them to be more pious. They established a pagoda where the wild goose fell and stopped eating meat. Hence its name. Daci'en Temple Daci'en Temple is the home of Big Wild Goose Pagoda. In 648, the temple is built to commemorate the dead virtuous queen, for which the status and scale far exceeded all others. Today, with an area of 12.5 acres (50,738 square meters), one seventh of the original area, it still retains its grandeur. Before the temple, there stands a statue of hierarch Xuanzang, the meritorious hierarch. With guarding lions at both sides of the gate, the temple seems stately for lions were said to function as talismans. Entering the temple you will see two buildings - Bell Tower in the east and Drum Tower in the west. Along the central axis are arranged the Hall of Mahavira, Sermon Hall, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, and the Hall of Xuanzang Sanzang. Praying Buddhists in Cien Temple Reciting scriptures in Daci'en Temple South Square of Big Wild Goose Pagoda Morning Exercise on South Square Squares and Gardens around Big Wild Goose Pagoda There are many featured squares and gardens around the pagoda and temple, which provides the locals and tourists with wonderful resorts for free. The most remarkable one should be the North Square boasting the largest musical fountain in Asia. Besides, the Tang Ci’en Temple Site Park and the Shaanxi Opera Garden to the east, the Shaanxi Folk Customs Garden to the west, as well as the South Square with the statue of Monk Xuanzang and the Great Tang All Day Mall to the south are also worth visiting.
Big Wild Goose Pagoda
The pagoda is located in the southern part of present day Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, in what used to be Chang'an City in the Tang Dynasty. The formal name of the pagoda is Ci'en Temple Pagoda, but since the temple disappeared long ago, the pagoda is known by its other name. Big Wild Goose Pagoda (�000� was first built in 652 in the Tang Dynasty by Xuanzang, a prominent Buddhist scholar in Tang Dynasty. The pagoda collapsed not long after it was built. It was rebuilt between 701 and 704 on the order of Empress Wu Ze Tian. The pagoda tapers sharply from the first storey up, giving the entire structure the shape of a pyramid and making it stand very firm. Wooden steps and flooring inside allow people to go to the top and enjoy the splendid views of Xi'an. In the past, those who had passed the imperial examinations to become officials went there to inscribe their names on the pagoda.
1 Situated in Da Ci'en (Great Kindness and Grace) Temple, about four kilometers from the urban center, Big Wild Goose Pagoda is one of the most famous Buddhist pagodas in China.
2 The Pagoda was built in the Tang Dynasty (618-907) for the study of Buddhist scriptures.
3 Big Wild Goose Pagoda was finished in 652 A.D.