Culture >Dialects
Northern Min Chinese
The language of the Northern Min is mainly spoken in northern Fujian Province, in a place that was known as Jianzhou in ancient times. About 2 million speakers of the language are spread over nearly 20 thousand square kilometers. It originates from the Qin Dynasty, and is one of the earliest Min Languages developed from ancient Chinese. A variety of phonetic characteristics, Chinese vocabulary, and sentence construction have been retained to this day.
Fujian opens doors to investors

Province expected to benefit thanks to its role in national economic plan, Han Tianyang reports. With one of the most robust economies in China's eastern coastal areas, Fujian province has great potential for investors and enterprises looking to expand, local officials said. It ranks the fifth among the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions on the mainland in terms of the opening-up index formulated by the International Cooperation Center under the National Development and Reform Commission. Fujian opens doors to investors A number of well-known foreign companies have invested in Fujian and become important partners for local development. They include ABB, Boeing, Daimler, Dell, Exxon Mobil, Hitachi, LG, Phillips, Anheuser-Busch InBev and Walmart. Fujian opens doors to investors Like Fuzhou, capital of Fujian province, every city in Fujian is now equipped with international hospitals and schools as well as modern shopping and leisure facilities. Fujian has made great progress in implementing opening-up policies and attracting trade and investment. Photos provided to China Daily Fujian opens doors to investors As a 5A national resort, Wuyi Mountain in Fujian has the largest area of subtropical forests in the world. Serving as a vital link that connects the mainland with Taiwan and Southeast Asia, the province now has economic relationships with more than 200 countries and regions in the world. "Globally, China is one of the most competitive emerging markets; in the country, Fujian is one of the regions with the most growth potential," said local officials. Over the past decades, the central government has prioritized the development of its West Straits Economic Zone, the majority of which lies in Fujian. Recently, the government released a slew of plans and proposals for various pilot regions across Fujian and extended many favorable policies that have created bright prospects for the province. Last year, the GDP of Fujian reached nearly $318 billion, an annual increase of 11.4 percent. According to projections in the local government's 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15), its GDP will increase to about $397 billion by 2015 and surpass $630 billion by 2020. Industrial boom Relying on its surging economy and solid industrial base, Fujian is now among the top investment destinations for foreign firms in various sectors, local officials said. It has three pillar industries, including electronic information, machinery equipment and petrochemicals. Major electronic information products made in the province include flat-panel displays, light-emitting diodes and integrated circuits. Fujian is also a traditional manufacturing base for ships, automobiles, machinery, electronics and environmental protection equipment. Fujian opens doors to investors Quangang and Gulei in Fujian are important petrochemical bases with a complete industrial chain that covers all parts of the process, from refinery to chemical engineering. Local officials said Fujian will continue efforts to upgrade its pillar industries by introducing leading enterprises, developing auxiliary businesses and improving the industrial chains. Meanwhile, more efforts will be done to bolster emerging sectors like the marine economy, biological and medical industry as well as modern services, such as logistics, commerce and finance. To attract more investment, the local government of Fujian has also improved infrastructure, especially transport. For example, it has constructed an advanced system of high-speed railways. Some 95 percent of the province's counties will soon have access to high-speed rail stations within a half-hour drive. The province now has three big ports - Xiamen, Fuzhou and Meizhouwan - and each has cargo throughput of 100 million tons or more. There are 325 container routes in all ports in the province. With airports in Fuzhou, Xiamen, Wuyishan, Jinjiang and Liancheng, the number of domestic and international airlines operating in the province has now reached 218. According to local officials, the total installed capacity of generators in the province will increase from its current level of 38.44 million kilowatts to 52 million kW by 2015. Clean energy will account for nearly half of that. This will make Fujian an important energy base on China's southeast coast. Investment environment To build a healthy investment environment, Fujian's provincial government provides various preferential policies to foreign enterprises, especially those that lead in their industries. The policies include tax breaks, financing, land, R&D support and imported equipment. Compared with other provinces, Fujian has the fewest requirements in terms of administrative approval for investment, local officials said. Every region in Fujian has its own investment service organization to provide foreign investors with one-stop service that covers everything from project consultancy and licensing applications to law and finance. The annual China International Fair for Investment and Trade, held in Xiamen every September, also offers a space for investors to meet and discuss issues. Fujian is not only an ideal investment destination but also a pleasant place to live. With a forest coverage rate of 63.1 percent, the province has been rated first in China in terms of ecological conditions for 35 consecutive years. Local government statistics show that the province has more than 20,000 foreign residents, and every year, it receives more than 1.4 million visitors from abroad. Each city in Fujian is now equipped with international hospitals, international schools as well as modern shopping and leisure facilities. The province's Wuyi Mountain was listed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1999. Fujian opens doors to investors The petrochemicals sector has become a pillar industry. Fujian opens doors to investors King Long Motor Group in Xiamen.

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台风“麦德姆”或将正面袭击福建,关于“台风”的话题在微博上火了起来。“台风”这个称呼,有很多有意思的说法,很多人以为“台风”是“台湾来的风”,而英文里的“typhoon”竟和“台风”发音极其相似,这是为什么?东南快报记者一一为您探究。 福建部分方言只有“风台”没有“台风” 昨日,网友“阿咪”说,她发现一个有趣的现象,福州方言、宁德方言都管台风叫“风台”。 东南快报记者做了个小调查,发现福州方言和宁德(蕉城)方言中,“风台”的发音类似“轰耐(发第一声)”。而闽南语则有多种发音,有的说“风台”有的说“台风”,如泉州晋江的发音类似“欢胎”,漳州市区的发音类似“轰歹”,但泉州市区的发音却没有倒过来,发音类似“呆轰”。 记者又问了莆田、龙岩、三明、南平等地的网友,发现这些地区的“台风”都是按顺序发音,没有倒过来念。 这是为什么呢?福建师范大学一位对福建方言做过研究的郑老师告诉记者,闽语确实存在这样的“倒装”现象,如闽东语系(包括福州方言、宁德方言)、闽南语和闽北语,这就是方言的一种习惯。“不光是‘台风’会倒过来念,还有‘客人’念‘人客’,‘拖鞋’念‘鞋拖’,‘母鸡’念‘鸡母’,还有‘热闹’念‘闹热’。” “台风”称呼是怎么来的? 还有网友发现,英语里,台风的念法是“typhoon”,念起来和“台风”几乎是一样的。东南快报记者在一些天气论坛看到,很多网友都说,“台风”是从英语音译过来的。 难道真的是这样?又或者英语里的“typhoon”是从中文翻译过去的?1.英文音译说:记者翻阅了下资料,发现英文的“typhoon”,是从希腊语、阿拉伯语中的“tufan”中演化来的,在阿拉伯语和英语中都是“风神”的意思,不是直接指称我们所说的“台风”。但确实有一种说法,称中国人所说的“台风”是从英文音译过来的。 《科技术语研究》2006年第8卷第2期刊登了王存忠(根据去年的资料,为气象出版社社长)《台风名词探源及其命名原则》一文,作者认为,在古代,人们把台风叫飓风,到了明末清初才开始使用“飙风”(1956年,飙风简化为台风)。还有一种说法是,荷兰人占领台湾期间根据希腊史诗《神权史》中的人物泰丰Typhoon而命名。 2.方言转化说(有两种):一是由广东话“大风”演变而来;二是由闽南话“风台”演变而来。 3.“台湾来的风”:有一种说法,根据台风的来源地赋予其名称。由于台湾位于太平洋和南海大部分台风北上的路径要冲,很多台风是穿过台湾海峡进入大陆的。 不过“源地说”可能经不起推敲,因为日语里,“台风”发音类似“daiyifong”,而刮向日本的台风,未必都是从台湾过去的。

Knowledge Graph

1 Northern Min is a group of mutually intelligible dialects of Min spoken in Nanping Prefecture of northwestern Fujian.

2 By this narrower definition, Northern Min covers the dialects of Shibei, Chong'an, Xingtian, Wufu, Zhenghe, Zhenqian, Jianyang and Jian'ou.